(a) A lawyer shall not make an agreement for, charge, or collect an unreasonable fee or an unreasonable amount for expenses. The factors to be considered in determining the reasonableness of a fee include the following:
(1) the value of the representation to the client;
(2) the achievement of agreed upon goals or intermediate markers;
(3) the amount involved and the results obtained;
(4) the time and labor required, the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved, and the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly;
(5) the likelihood, if apparent to the client, that the acceptance of the particular employment will preclude other employment by the lawyer;
(6) the time limitations imposed by the client or by the circumstances;
(7) the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client;
(8) the experience, reputation, and ability of the lawyer or lawyers performing the services;
(9) the fee customarily charged in the locality for similar legal services; and
(10) the distribution of financial risk between the lawyer and the client.
(b) In order to determine the scope of the representation and the basis or rate of the fee and expenses for which the client will be responsible, a lawyer shall discuss the following with the client:
(1) the client’s objectives and goals in the representation;
(2) any divisible component parts of the representation and the relative importance and cost of such parts;
(3) the estimated value of the representation to the client;
(4) the probability of a successful outcome if objectives are measurable;
(5) the client’s current financial standing; and
(6) the cost of comparable services.
(c) The scope of the representation and the basis or rate of the fee and expenses for which the client will be responsible shall be communicated to the client, preferably in writing, before or within a reasonable time after commencing the representation, except when the lawyer will charge a regularly represented client on the same basis or rate. Any changes in the basis or rate of the fee or expenses shall also be communicated to the client.
(d) A fee may be contingent on the outcome of the matter, or achievement of intermediate goals or markers, for which the service is rendered, except in a matter in which a contingent fee is prohibited by paragraph (e) or other law. A contingent fee agreement shall be in a writing signed by the client and shall state the method by which the fee is to be determined, including the percentage or percentages that shall accrue to the lawyer in the event of settlement, trial, appeal, successful transaction, or other goal or marker agreed upon by the lawyer and client; litigation and other expenses to be deducted from the recovery; and whether such expenses are to be deducted before or after the contingent fee is calculated. The agreement must clearly notify the client of any expenses for which the client will be liable whether or not the client is the prevailing party. Upon conclusion of a contingent fee matter, the lawyer shall provide the client with a written statement stating the outcome of the matter and, if there is a recovery, showing the remittance to the client and the method of its determination.
(e) A lawyer shall not enter into an arrangement for, charge, or collect:
(1) any fee in a domestic relations matter, the payment or amount of which is contingent upon the securing of a divorce or upon the amount of alimony or support, or property settlement in lieu thereof; or
(2) a contingent fee for representing a defendant in a criminal case.
(f) A lawyer shall not charge an hourly rate unless:
(1) the client is a sophisticated user of legal services and requests an hourly billing arrangement;
(2) the lawyer has not undertaken matters of sufficient similarity to the current matter to allow the lawyer to make a reasonable prediction of the labor required for the matter (where the matter can be divided into component parts, this requirement must be satisfied for each component the lawyer wishes to charge an hourly fee for) and the client gives informed consent confirmed in writing; or
(3) the client requests an hourly billing arrangement and gives informed consent of the hourly rate arrangement, confirmed in writing, and the lawyer:
(i) offers reasonable value based fee arrangements;
(ii) explains the advantages and disadvantages of these arrangements; and
(iii) discloses that an hourly billing arrangement may create a conflict between the lawyer’s financial interests and the client’s financial interests.
(g) A division of a fee between lawyers who are not in the same firm may be made only if:
(1) the division is in proportion to the services performed by each lawyer or each lawyer assumes joint responsibility for the representation;
(2) the client agrees to the arrangement, including the share each lawyer will receive, and the agreement is confirmed in writing; and
(3) the total fee is reasonable.